Maximum likelihood positioning for gamma-ray imaging detectors with depth of interaction measurement

Research areas:
Authors:
Lerche, Ch. W.; Ros, A.; Monzó, J. M.; Aliaga, R. J.; Ferrando, N.; Martínez, J. D.; Herrero, V.; Esteve, R.; Gadea, R.; Colom, R. J.; Toledo, J.; Mateo, F.; Sebastiá, A.; Sánchez, F.; Benlloch, J. M.
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Type of Publication:
Journal:
Volume:
Number:
Pages:
Month:
2009
Article
Nucl. Instr. and Meth. Physics A
604
1-2
359–362
June

Keywords:

Depth of interaction, PET, Monolithic scintillation crystal, Maximumlikelihood


 

Abstract:

The center of gravity algorithm leads to strong artifacts for gamma-ray imaging detectors that are based on monolithic scintillation crystals and position sensitive photo-detectors. This is a consequence of using the centroids as position estimates. The fact that charge division circuits can also be used to compute the standard deviation of the scintillation light distribution opens a way out of this drawback. We studied the feasibility of maximum likelihood estimation for computing the true gamma-ray photo-conversion position from the centroids and the standard deviation of the light distribution. The method was evaluated on a test detector that consists of the position sensitive photomultiplier tube H8500 and a monolithic LSO crystal (View the MathML source). Spatial resolution was measured for the centroids and the maximum likelihood estimates. The results suggest that the maximum likelihood positioning is feasible and partially removes the strong artifacts of the center of gravity algorithm.

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